Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes Using arc discharge evaporation method, S. Iijima in 1991 reported a preparation of new type of finite carbon structure consisting of needle-like tubes …

Material that can Heal Itself The advent of highly deformable and healable electronics is exciting and promising for next-generation electronic devices and the search have hyped in recent …

Einstein Summation Convention, The Kronecker, and Levi-Civita Symbols For the convenient notation, Einstein, in 1916, developed the following notation scheme when manipulating expressions involving vectors, matrices, or tensors …

Material That Can Change Shape from Flexible to Rigid There is no doubt that the development and engineering of materials could lead us to the next phase of evolution. They could have direct …

Application of Gauss’s Law: Finding the Electric Field outside a Uniformly Charged Solid Sphere of Radius ‘R’ and Total Charge ‘q’ Gauss’s law says that for this surface (for Gaussian surface) the electric field 𝐸 through any closed surface S (a Gaussian surface) is equal to the net charge enclosed (Q𝑒𝑛𝑐)divided by the permittivity of free space(𝜖0)

At last, Atomic Structure of a Glass have been Imaged Understanding the chemical element and 3D location of atoms in materials have been always at the forefront in the field of material science. The atomic …

Radioactive Decay; Alpha Decay Matters are made up of atoms and atoms are made up of a nucleus containing most of the mass, and of electrons. The nucleus is a bound state of protons and …

XRD Working and Application X-ray Diffraction (XRD) is a non-destructive rapid analytical technique that is primarily used to determine the crystallographic structure of a material and …

Simple Random Walk Problem in One Dimension (Statistical Mechanics) We will be concerned to obtain the probability of finding a randomly moving particle at a particular point on its track. Let a drunk starts from point A …

Ionizing Detectors Based on Scintillation Ionizing radiation causes neutral atoms or molecules to acquire either a positive or negative electrical charge. The most commonly known types of ionizing …